Situated astride the trade routes of the western Mediterranean, the Catalan kingdom of Majorca has long deserved attention. It was established under the will of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, but was ruled from 1276 to 1343 by a cadet dynasty. In addition to the Balearic Islands the kingdom included the key business centres of Montpellier and Perpignan, and other lands in what is now southern France. It was also home to important Jewish and Muslim communities, and was the focus of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This book emphasises the major transformations in the trade of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black Death, and the effect of the kingdom's creation and demise on the economy of the region. Links between the island and mainland territories, and as far afield as England and the Canaries, are analysed in depth.
The Mediterranean Diet: A Healthy Diet For A Healthier Life looks at the facts about this popular diet, including its history, the diet's basics, the science behind it, how to follow it, and why it is so popular lately. Last year was a big one for the Mediterranean diet, as research proved that this way of eating can help ward off stroke, heart attacks, premature death, and more, and middle age is not too late to start.A report in the Annals of Internal Medicine detailed a study performed with 10,000 women from 50 to 69. Those with a healthy diet fared much better, reaching the age of 70 with less occurrences of mental and physical illness, even being 40 percent more likely to make it to 70 than those with diets not quite as healthy. Those that were the healthiest ate large quantities of plant foods, fish, and whole grains, while limiting the intake of alcohol and processed red meats.All those factors comprise exactly what the Mediterranean diet is all about. Readers of The Mediterranean Diet: A Healthy Diet For A Healthier Life will learn about numerous studies that proponents claim prove its health benefits, and discover what foods they can eat if they choose to eat the Mediterranean way. Readers will also learn about the lifestyle changes inherent to the Mediterranean Diet.The Mediterranean Diet: A Healthy Diet For A Healthier Life offers readers a balanced approach to losing weight and improving overall health, by sharing the lifestyle changes employed by America's rarest individual: the successful dieter. What does this lucky 10 percent do that 90 percent of dieters do not? Turns out, luck does not play a role; it just requires a lot of hard work and determination.
This book is the outcome of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "The Eastern Mediterranean as a laboratory basin for the assessment of contrasting ecosystems" that was held in Kiev, Ukraine, March 23-27, 1998. The scientific rationale of the workshop can be summarized as follows. The Eastern Mediterranean is the most nutrient impoverished and oligotrophic large water body known. There is a well-defined eastward trend in nutrient ratios over the entire Mediterranean that starts at the Gibraltar Straits and, through the western basin, proceeds to the Ionian and Levantine Seas. Supply of nutrients to the entire Mediterranean is limited by inputs from the North Atlantic and various river systems along the sea. The unique feature of the Mediterranean is the presence of an eastward longitudinal trend in available nitrate/phosphate ratios. This apparently induces a west-to-east variation in the structure of the pelagic food web and trophic interactions. In this context the Mediterranean, and in particular its Eastern basin, provides probably a unique platform to explore the hypotheses related to the suggested phosphate-limitation on production and to the shift between "microbial" and "classical" modes of operation of the photic food web. The major exception of the overall oligotrophic nature of the Eastern Mediterranean is the highly eutrophic system of the Northern Adriatic Sea. Here, during the last two decades the discharges of the northern rivers (especially of the Po), together with municipal sewage, have led to a very marked increase of nutrients and subsequent imponent eutrophication events.